May 17, 2024
corrupted flash drive recovery

Which is the Smart Corrupted Flash Drive Recovery Process

In this post, we provide clear instructions how to repair faulty flash devices and corrupted flash drive recovery from them for everyday users. File sharing and storage are made simple with USB devices. What happens, however, if your flash drive become corrupted? That will depend on what you do next. Depending on what you do next. In most cases, you can get back data from a damaged flash drive if you move quickly and use the right method.

It Is Possible Corrupted Flash Drive Recovery?

Yes, in the majority of instances. Nonetheless, because they are not the same, we must first comprehend the distinction between recovering damaged USB data from a USB and corrupted flash drive recovery:

Damaged file or folder: The fact that only that one file or folder on a flash drive is damaged shows that corruption is contained there. Any kind of damage that makes a damaged file or folder useless has been done to it. If you try to open it, you will see an error message. You can get back a file or folder on a USB, but it needs to be fixed before you can use it again.

USB corruption: The contents of a corrupted flash drive cannot be accessed if the whole drive has been compromised. The flash drive has had some kind of physical or logical damage, which has stopped you from accessing your contents. This is not to indicate that the files themselves have been damaged.

Main Cause Behind Corrupted Flash Drives

It’s helpful to understand the various reasons why USB flash drives can become corrupted in order to choose the best data recovery strategy for a corrupted flash drive (you can’t access it at all) or one that’s just not working right (some files are missing or impossible to open).

Bad blocks: Flash-based storage systems consist of several tiny blocks. These blocks have an expiration date, after which they may no longer function properly.

Note: If your flash drive has too many bad blocks, it’s best to use data recovery tools to get out as much data as you can before the drive stops working altogether.

Improper removal: Modern operating systems advise users to securely eject flash drives before removing them for good reason—doing otherwise might cause damage due to unexpected interruptions of read/write activities.

Note: Native Windows and macOS utilities may sometimes be used to restore a USB flash drive that was unintentionally deleted.

Power problems: If there’s a sudden outage or your flash drive isn’t receiving adequate power, there’s a strong probability that some data will be damaged since the transfer was halted.

Note: The File History tool could help you out to restore data that you lost as a result of a power outage.

Software problems: By preventing data from being stored properly or jeopardizing the integrity of the file system, application, operating system, and driver bugs may all lead to flash drive corruption.

Note: Using the ATTRIB command, files that vanished from a flash drive affected by software faults may sometimes be restored.

Physical damage: A USB flash drive’s capacity to sustain a stable connection may be jeopardized by physical damage and manufacturing flaws, which may result in corruption.

Note: Hiring a data recovery company to handle a physically damaged flash drive with crucial contents is the recommended course of action.

Also read: Formatted Pen Drive Data Recovery

Step 1: Backup Your Corrupted USB Flash Drive

Backup images are essential before recovering or repairing a damaged USB flash device. Why? There are three basic causes. Backup images serve as a safety net. Return to the backup image and try again if the corrupted flash drive recovery procedure corrupts data.

  • A backup image records the present condition of your flash drive, including hidden recoverable data.
  • Backup images allow numerous data recovery attempts without compromising original data integrity.

BLR Tools’ byte-to-byte backup tool lets you easily and cheaply backup your corrupted USB flash drive:

  1. Download and install the free BLR Tools version on your PC. BLR Tools supports Windows and macOS.
  2. Launch BLR Tools and choose Drive Backup (MacOS: Byte-to-byte Backup) in the left pane.
  3. Select the corrupted USB flash device and select “Byte-to-byte Backup.”
  4. Select a location for the backup image and click OK.
  5. Wait for backup image creation.

Step 2: Fix File System Issues to Fix Corruption

You may safely fix file system problems on a damaged USB flash drive after backing it up. Windows users may use CHKDSK to check volume file system integrity and resolve logical file system issues.

Windows Terminal, PowerShell, or CMD are used to launch CHDKS, a command-line utility without a GUI. So how:

  • Ensure the corrupted flash drive is linked to your computer.
  • Press Win + X to start Windows Terminal, PowerShell, or CMD as administrator.
  • Press enter to execute the command: Replace X with the corrupted drive and run CHKDSK X: /f.

Find out your flash drive’s letter by following these steps:

  • Open File Explorer and choose “This PC.” All system drives will be visible. This example has C:, D:, E:, and L:
  • Plug the drive into the computer. If the computer identifies it, File Explorer will display the drive.
  • Review the File Explorer drive list. If the USB drive doesn’t appear, Windows may not detect it or the partition map may be corrupted. Launch “Disk Management” in most Windows versions to find out. Even without a drive letter, it displays drive partitions. It’s one approach to check Windows’ disk recognition:

Instead, use Disk Utility’s First Aid tool to resolve file system errors on macOS:

  • Launch Disk Utility (located under Applications -> Utilities).
  • Select the corrupted USB flash device in the left pane and click the First Aid icon in the toolbar.
  • Click Run and wait for the First Aid function to complete.

File Explorer or Finder may allow you to immediately retrieve files from your USB flash device. One final option is to utilize USB data recovery software to discover buried, erased, and damaged files.

Step 3: Recover data from corrupted USB flash drive

Time to use data recovery software. BLR Tools again offers a simple and powerful USB file recovery solution.

For optimal data recovery, the program uses clever algorithms to identify faulty disks with unreadable sectors and manage them.

How BLRTools Recovers Damaged USB Flash Drive Files:

1. Install the BLR Tools then choose the particular USB disk for recovery. The Attached disk image option underneath the list of attached storage devices may mount and scan the backup image prepared in Step 1. Avoid USB disk wear by scanning just the backup image.

2. Start the corrupted flash drive recovery procedure by clicking “Search for lost data”. Let BLR Tools scan the infected pen drive. It will show retrieved file information as it goes. See all detected files by clicking Review found items anytime. BLR Tools will immediately notify you of faulty blocks on USB flash devices, as seen below. Please heed this warning.

3. Check for missing data and click recover. Click the tick to the left of file names to recover them. Use the left pane filters and toolbar above scan results to target certain file types. Select all lost files, click Recover, then specify a recovery location.

4. Wait for BLR Tools to produce a completion message, visible as:

5. Locate recovered files in the recovery directory using File Explorer or Finder.

6. Verify file restoration by opening it.

You may use the aforementioned BLR Tools techniques to corrupted flash drive recovery on Mac or Windows.

Other Corrupted Flash Drive File Recovery Methods

BLR Tools can recover data quickly, thus we suggest starting with it. There are alternative techniques to recover damaged flash drive data. Examine some of them.

Method 1: Bitlocker-Recovery Partition Access

USB flash drive corruption may eradicate partitions and prevent file access. Then bitlocker recovery tool helps. This free, open-source utility can restore partition tables to recover missing partitions but has no GUI.

Follow bitlocker-recovery’s extensive step-by-step tutorial on their website to recover data from a damaged USB flash drive. This guide will show you what to do next so you never get lost.

Selecting the afflicted disk, picking the partition table type, and scanning for missing partitions are the main procedures. If bitlocker-recovery finds missing partitions, you may rebuild the partition table or recover them.

Method 2: Use Windows File History

File history is Windows’ local backup utility. File history may back up custom folders, including USB drives, on Windows 10 and earlier.

Follow these steps to restore deleted data from Windows 11 file history or Windows 10 file history if you manually added your USB device as a backup destination.

1. Access the Control Panel.

2. Go to System and Security > File History.

3. Select Restore personal files in the left pane.

4. Find and get the missing file location.

5. Click the recover button.

Method 3: ATTRIB Command

Many types of flash drive corruption exist. It may modify file characteristics, making impacted files invisible. Fortunately, this issue is straightforward to fix:

1. Press Win + X on your keyboard.

2. Run Windows Terminal, PowerShell, or CMD as administrator.

3. Use the following command to retrieve hidden files: ATTRIB -H -R -S /S /D X:*.* (or your flash drive letter).

4. Access your USB disk in File Explorer after exiting Command Prompt.

Method 4: Recovery Windows Files

Windows File Recovery, produced by Microsoft, works with Windows 10 2004 and higher. Lack of a graphical user interface shows Windows File Recovery is still under development. The utility supports fewer file signatures than BLR Tools, a major commercial data recovery software.

However, Windows File Recovery is free from the Microsoft Store and can recover an infinite amount of data, so it’s worth a try if you wish to corrupted flash drive recovery or restore permanently destroyed files.

1. Download Windows File Recovery from Microsoft Store.

2. Launch Command Prompt or Windows Terminal.

3. Use the following command to recover lost data from disk X to the Recovered folder on drive C: winfr X: C:\Recovery/extensive
The official help website for Windows File Recovery explains its two primary modes of operation (Regular and Extensive) and many advanced settings.


Corrupted USB flash drives are not the end of the world. Restoring a corrupted USB device is likely using the instructions and equipment supplied. Download and test all the free tools available for scanning lost data, including BLR Tools. Good luck.

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